Physics Department

About the Department

Welcome to the Department of Physics web pages. These pages are designed to give you an introduction to our undergraduate and postgraduate courses, syllabi, faculty and our activities.

Physics Department of M.L.S.M.College was started in 1980 with the introduction of B.Sc. course. Now it offers courses at undergraduate and postgraduate (Introduced in 2010) levels.

Housed in a spacious building of Lalit Sen Institute of Business Education and Technology(LSIBET) it has four well equipped laboratories (Two for UG and two for PG Classes) , one computational laboratory with internet facility and one dark room. The department has one smart lecture theater for Postgraduate students.

During an academic year, it caters to the academic needs of around 800 students specializing in Physics at UG level and 80 students at PG Level.

The courses taught in UG are Mechanics, Quantum Mechanics, Statistical Physics, Vibrations and Waves, Optics, Laser Physics, Nuclear and Particle Physics, Electronics, Solid State Physics, Digital Electronics, Mathematical Physics, Computational Physics and Energy Study etc.

The courses in PG are Mathematical Physics, Classical Mechanics, Computational Methods in Physics, Quantum Mechanics-1, Condensed Matter Physics, Statistical Physics, Electrodynamics, Quantum Mechanics-II, Material Science, Nuclear Physics, High Energy Physics, Electronics –II, Nano Physics, Opto – Electronics etc. There are about 2000 books of physics in the college library.

The department has produced a large number of Graduate and Post Graduate students since its establishment and these students have excelled in different fields and made the institution proud.

The Objectives of the department:

1. Provide the student with a broad spectrum of Physics courses.
2. Emphasize the role of Physics in life and other discipline (Chemistry ,Mathematics and Biology)
3. Develop the ability of the students to conduct, observe, analyzes and report an experiment.
4. Develop the ability of the students to deal with physical models and formulae mathematically.
5. Provide the student with different practical, intellectual and transferable skills.
Faculty members are actively involved in the syllabus framing and restructuring at the University level as Board of Study’s members.
One minor research project funded by the UGC has been awarded.
The College organized a 7 days science Camp “INSPIRE” funded by DST, for the students of 11th and 12th class, to inculcate interest in pure science . Physics department participated actively in its organization.
Faculty members regularly participate in International/ National seminars and conferences.

Name of Program

Program Specific Outcomes

M.Sc. Physics

A M.Sc.  graduate from the degree programme in physics has a profound knowledge of physics and an adequate knowledge of the supporting minor subjects. She/he has a scienti c way of thinking and solving problems. She/he is able to search for information and draw up reports, using the concepts of physics. She/he is capable of evaluating information with a critical approach. She/he also has a basic knowledge of the development of the scienti c way of thinking and world view. She/he knows how to apply the existing knowledge of physics and how to carry out wide learning entities, research projects and laboratory demonstrations for teaching purposes.

Career Prospects

Opportunities after our M. Sc. program include doing research in leading national and international universities, laboratories and research institutes. Some of the students go ahead to do industrial research in various elds, or opt to take up non-academic jobs. Many nd teaching jobs in schools or colleges.

Name of course (Course Code) Course Outcomes
Mathematical Physics (PHYMS-101)

The aim and objective of the course on Mathematical Physics is to equip the M.Sc student with the mathematical techniques for understanding theoretical treatment in di erent courses On completion of this course a students should be able to:
1)apply techniques of complex analysis to solve integration.
2 ) explain linear dependence and linear combination of vectors as quantities in physics.
3 ) solve special function Bessel, Legendre, Hermite, Lagurre func- tions.
4)define and manipulate the Dirac Delta,beta and gamma function and will be able to derive their various properties.
5)be fluent in the use of Fourier and Laplace transformations to solve differential equations.
6)solve partial di erential equations with appropriate initial or boundary conditions with Green function techniques.
7) able to understand and apply group theory in physics problems.

Classical Mechanics (PHYMS-102 )

The aim and objective of the course:
The aim and objective of the course on Classical Mechanics is to train the students of M.Sc. class in the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalisms for discrete systems, Conservation theorems, Rigid body motion, Hamiltons equations, Canonical Transformations, Pois- son's and Lagrangian brackets, Euler equations, Hamilton-Jacobi Theory and Lagrangian and Hamiltonian Formulations for contin- uous systems and elds to an extent that they can use these in the modern branches like Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Field Theory, Condensed Matter Physics, Astrophysics etc.

Course Learning Outcomes:

Students will have understanding of
1. The Lagrangian and Hamiltonian approaches in classical mechan- ics. 2. The classical background of Quantum Mechanics and get famil- iarized with Poisson brackets and Hamilton -Jacobi equation.
3. Kinematics and Dynamics of rigid body in detail and ideas re- garding Eulers equations of motion.
4. Theory of small oscillations in detail along with basis of free vibrations.

Electronics I (PHYMS-103)

This course is to introduce students to the di erent components of microprocessors and microwave communication system. At the end of this course students will:
1) know the working and applications of one bit memory ( flip flop).
2) understand the working various components of digital system like; registers, counters, converters and op-amp etc.
3) understand the role of each component of microprocessor 8085.
4) know the assembly language programming of microprocessor.
5) be able to use op amp to perform various operations.
6) understand the working various microwave generating devices.
7) understand the microwave communication and advantages.

Computational Methods in Physics (PHYMS-104)

This course teaches the students programming tactics, numerical methods and their implementation like applying to problem in physics, including modeling of classical physics to quantum system as well as data analysis (Linear and non linear). Use analysis tech- niques for propagating error, representing data graphically. Create, solve and interpret basic mathematical tool.

Practical (PHYMS-105)

Physics Laboratory is to train the students to experimental tech- niques in general physics, electronics and condensed matter physics so that they can verify some of the things read in theory here or in earlier classes, so can co-relate the theoretical concepts with the experimental ones and are con dence to handle sophisticated equip- ment.
The laboratory should help the student develop a broad array of basic skills and tools of experimental physics and data analysis. Helps students develop collaborative learning skills that are vital to success in many lifelong endeavors.

Quantum Mechanics -I (PHYMS-201)

The aim and objective of the course:
The aim and objective of the course on Quantum Mechanics is to introduce the students of M.Sc. class to the formal structure of the subject and to equip them with the techniques of Linear Vector- Space ,Matrix Mechanics, General Angular Momentum, Perturba- tion Theory and Fermis Golden Rule so that they can use these in various branches of physics as per their requirement.

Course Learning Outcomes:

Students will have understanding of:
1 Importance of Quantum Mechanics compared to Classical Me- chanics at microscopic level.
2 Linear vector spaces, Hilbert space, concepts of Basis, Vector and Operators and Bra and Ket notation.
3 Matrix formulation of Quantum Mechanics.
4 Time evolution of Quantum Mechanical systems i.e. Schrdinger, Heisenberg and Interaction pictures and their applications.
5 Various tools to calculate Eigen values and total Angular Mo- mentum of particles.

Condensed Matter Physics (PHYMS-202)

It is important to understand the origin of various properties of condensed matter before using them, or designing new kind of ma- terial for particular application. This course is designed to impart the knowledge of theories and models in the eld of condensed mat- ter physics.
At the end of this course students will have
1) knowledge of models and theories developed to study the thermal and electrical conductivity of insulators and conductors.
2) understanding of different methods of band structure calculation.
3) ability to characterise materials on the basis of band gap.
4) knowledge of different properties of semiconductors and super- conductors.
5) knowledge of microscopic and macroscopic dielectric property of materials.
6) knowledge of possible defects in a material and di erent proper- ties of amorphous materials.
7) ability to apply the obtained concepts to challenges in condensed matter physics.

Statistical Physics (PHYMS-203 )

The aim of the course is to familiarize the students with the tech- niques and principles of Statistical physics to understand di erent systems (Ideal gas, non ideal gas , fermin gas and boson gas).
On completion of this course a student should be able to:
1) understand the fundamental principles of statistical physics.
2) derive Gibbs distribution function and will be able to nd out gibbs distribution of di erent systems.
3) derive and understand Boltzmann distribution function, free en- ergy of ideal gas, equation of state for ideal gas.
4) derive vander waals formula, virial coecient and scattering am- plitude .
5) understand and derive Fermi and Bose distribution and applica- tions.

Electrodynamics (PHYMS- 204)

This course includes the postulates of special theory of relativity, Lorentz transformations, motion of particle in various aspects of electric and magnetic elds like constant and varying elds in- cluding non-relativistic and relativistic motions of charge particle and magnetic mirroring. The Covariant Formulation of Electrody- namics in Vacuum gives information of Four vectors in Electrody- namics, covariant continuity equation, wave equation, covariance of Maxwell equations. The aim of the course is to take a glimpse of radiation from accelerated charges, Thomson scattering, Rayleigh scattering, absorption of radiation by bound electron.

Practical (PHYMS-205)

1) The course is designed to train the students so that they can eciently handle various instruments.
2) Students will verify laws studied in the different theory course.
3) Students will practically study the working of di erent electronic components/ circuits.
4) Students will measure different properties of materials.
5) Students will be able to write programme for different numerical methods.

Quantum Mechanics II (PHYMS-301)

The aim and objective of the course:
The aim and objective of the course on Quantum Mechanics is to introduce the students of M.Sc. class to the formal structure of the subject and to equip them with the techniques of Relativistic Quantum Mechanics: Klein Gordon equation, Dirac equation, ne structure of hydrogen atom, Lamb shift, Field Quantization, Rela- tivistic Quantum Field Theory so that they can use these in various branches of physics as per their requirement.

Course Learning Outcomes

Students will have understanding of:
1. Theory of Scattering and calculation of Scattering Cross Section, Optical theorem, Born Approximation and partial wave analysis etc.
2. Theory of Identical Particles
3. Relativistic Quantum Mechanics using Dirac equation, Dirac ma- trices, The Klein Gordon equation etc
4. Second quantization of the Schrdinger wave eld for bosons and fermions

Material Science (PHYMS- 302)

From this course student will be able to think critically and under- stand the relationship between nano/microstructure, characteriza- tion, properties, processing and design of new material. Posses the skill and di erent material characterization techniques necessary for modern material practice.

Nuclear Physics (PHYMS- 303)

This course is designed to provide understanding of structure and properties. At the end of this course students will have understand- ing of:
1) nuclear forces and stability.
2) Nuclear models (Shell and Collective).
3) excited states, quadrupole moment, spin, parity and magnetic moment.
4) experimental methods used to study the different properties of nuclei.

High Energy Physics (PHYMS-304)

The aim and objective of particle Physics is to familiarize with the concepts of Scattering Kinematics, Scattering Matrix and Phase Space, Dalitz plots.
-Invariance principles and conservation laws: parity, Charge,time reversal,charge conjugation, G-Parity,CP and CPT invariance.
-Unitary groups SU2, SU3 , Quark Model, Gell- Mann Okubo Mass Formula Weak Interactions, Classi cation of weak Interactions, Universality of Weak Interactions, Fermi Theory of weak interactions, Intermediate Vector Boson Hypothesis, Helicity of Neutrino, Two Component Theory of Neutrino, KoKo Mixing and CP Violation, KoKo Regeneration.

Practical (PHYMS-305)

1) The course is designed to train the students so that they can eciently handle various instruments.
2) Students will verify laws studied in the di erent theory course.
3) Students will practically study the working of di erent electronic components/ circuits.
4) Students will measure di erent properties of materials.
5) Students will be able to write programme for di erent numerical methods.

Electronics-II (PHYMS- 401)

Course is to train and equip students to become skilled and special- ized in vast discipline of Physics and Electronics. Know basics of electronics, its fabrication and synthesis techniques. An ability to design and conduct experiments, as well as to analyze and interpret data.

Nuclear and Particle Astro- physics (PHYMS-402(b))

The aim and objective of particle Physics is to familiarize with the concepts of
-The observational basis of Nuclear Astrophysics, The Origin of the Universe, the Hadron Era, the Lepton Era, The Radiation Era
- Stellar Evolution, Evolution of Stars
- Nucleosynthesis, the Standard Model of the Universe, The Cosm dogical principle and the expansion of the Universe.

Nano Physics (PHYMS- 403(a))

The aim and objective of the course:
The aim and objective of the course on Nano Physics is to fa- miliarize the students of M.Sc. to the various aspects related to Preparation, Characterization and study of di erent properties of the Nanomaterials so that they can pursue this emerging research eld as career.

Course Learning Outcomes

Students will have understanding of:
1. Different type of nanomaterials, and their synthesis techniques
2. Size dependence of various properties
3. Various applications and perspectives of nanotechnology in the development of value added new products and device.

Opto-electronics (PHYMS- 404(c))

Optical bres are the media for fast and low noise communication.
This course is designed to introduce the students to the working of di erent components of optical bre communication system. At the end of this course students will
1) understand the working of light emitting sourced used in optical fibre communication.
2) Understand the physics behind the optical communication.
3) Know the various techniques of optical bre fabrication.
4) Understand the detection process.
5) Know the working of various semiconductor based optical signal detection devices.
6) Understand the working of display devices (LCD and hologra- phy).

Project (PHYMS-405)

All the M.Sc. Physics Students will do a supervised Physics Project in IV Semester. Department considers it an important culmination of training in Physics learning and research. This project will be a supervised collaborative work in Theoretical Physics (Condensed Matter Physics, Nuclear Physics, Particle Physics), Experimental Physics, Computational Physics. The project will aim to introduce student to the basics and methodology of research in physics, which is done via theory, computation and experiments either all together or separately by one of these approaches. It is intended to give research exposure to students at M.Sc. level itself.

Attainment of Course outcomes

Attainment of outcome of each courseis evaulated by conducting two Mid semester exams (one in the middle of the semester i.e. 7th week and the second at the closing of the semester i.e. 14th week) and one End semester.

Attainment of Program Specific outcomes

Attainment of Program Specific outcomes of M.Sc Physics program is evaluated by keeping record regarding placement of passout students.
1. Increase in pass percentage of students.
2. Percentage of students qualifying GRE, GATE, TOEFEL and other competitive exams is increasing.
3. Rise in the number of students going for M. Phil. and Ph.d programmes in reputed institutions in India and abroad.
4. Increase in number of placement per student and in better in dustries after the completion of the degree programme.
5. Percentage of failures in di erent courses is reducing every year.


Name : Mr. Ajay Kapoor (H.O.D.)

Email :

Mobile No. : 9418544045

Qualification : M.Sc., M.Phil.
Name : Mr. Vivek Vaidya

Email :

Mobile No. : 9418560068

Qualification : M.Sc., M.Phil.
Name : Dr. Kameshwar Kumar

Email :

Mobile No. : 9418352006

Qualification : M.Sc., M.Phil. Ph. D.
Name : Dr. Vinod Kumar

Email :

Mobile No. : 9418488016

Qualification : M.Sc., M.Phil., Ph.D.
Name : Mr. Dharmender Rana

Email :

Mobile No. : 9459973212

Qualification : M.Sc. (CSIR-JRF, GATE)
Name : Dr. Mainika

Email :

Mobile No. : 9418190667

Qualification : M.Sc., M.Phil. Ph.D.
Name : Dr. Kuldeep Singh

Email :

Mobile No. : 9418180788

Qualification : M.Sc. Ph.D, (NET-JRF)
Name : Dr. Ashish Gautam

Email :

Mobile No. : 9418302313

Qualification : M.Sc., M.Phil., Ph.D.
Name : Dr. G.S. Arya

Email :

Mobile No. : 000

Qualification : M.Sc, M.Phil, Ph.D, CSIR-JRF


M.Sc. 4th Sem Students Project List along with Guides Download File.. Dated : Dec 16, 2017
Final Practical Examination Notice Download File.. Dated : Dec 16, 2017
Datesheet of M.Sc. Physics Download File.. Dated : Nov 06, 2017
Student Notice Download File.. Dated : Oct 08, 2017
Invitation to attend a lecture on STRESS MANAGEMENT Download File.. Dated : Aug 30, 2017
Member of Physics Club MLSM College Sundernagar Download File.. Dated : Aug 22, 2017
Admission Notice for Vacant Seats In The Department of Physics Download File.. Dated : Jul 29, 2017
M.Sc. Physics First Semester, 2017 Time Table Download File.. Dated : Jul 21, 2017
M.Sc. II & IV Semester Final Practical's Examination Schedule Download File.. Dated : Jul 20, 2017
Candidates called for Counselling of M.Sc. Physics to be held on 18-07-2017 Download File.. Dated : Jul 17, 2017
Admission to M.Sc. Physics Programme 2017 Download File.. Dated : Jul 12, 2017
Notice for M.Sc. Practical Examination Download File.. Dated : Jul 06, 2017


Science Day Celebration:

National Science Day is being celebrated every year on 28th February by the Physics Club of the Department of Physics, to widely spread a message about the importance of science in the daily life of the people. Activities like quiz, lecture, competitions, etc. are conducted in the college/department every year.

This year an Inter Faculty Quiz and Poster making Competition were organized by the Physics Club.

The theme of the year (2017 ) science day celebrations was “Science and Technology for Specially Abled Persons”

Posted on : 7/10/2017 12:00:00 AM

“Development of Smart Diagnostic and Therapeutic for Cancer”

Physics Club of MLSM CollegeSundernagar

Organizeda Guest lecture on the topic

“Development of SmartDiagnostic and Therapeutic for Cancer”


Dr. Amit Sharma, ResearchProfessor,

 Department of Chemistry, Supermolecular Nano-OrganicMaterial Laboratory, Korea

University, Seol, SouthKorea


Students of M.Sc 3rd semester  of Physics, Chemistry, Botany and Zoology

On07/09/2017 in the College Hall.

Posted on : 9/8/2017 12:00:00 AM

Physics Laboratory

All of the laws of physics are expressions of experimentally observed regularities in nature. In the laboratory you will have an opportunity to observe and discover those regularities directly. Laboratory work is a very important part of a course in General Physics. It reinforces the student’s understanding of fundamental concepts and principles while, at the same time, helping the student to develop skill in carrying out scientific measurements. For these reasons, the successful completion of the laboratory component will be required of every student.

Laboratory work is the heart of physics and experimenting is the most effective way of learning. Physics lab at M. L. S. M. College is well equipped to nurture and facilitate effective learning and is divided into- UG Lab for B.Sc. students and PG Lab for M.Sc. Students and it is equipped with state-of-the art equipment’s for demonstration experiments for all areas of physics related directly to mechanics, solid state, electronics, thermodynamics, optics and computational physics.

Physics Department has six laboratories.

For Under Graduate students: 2 Labs
Post Graduate students: 2 Labs
Dark Room (To perform experiment of optics) 1 Lab
Computational Laboratory (With 10 Computers) 1 Lab

The lab has a wide variety of instruments like low power Helium-Neon laser, Semiconductor diode lasers, good resolution spectrometers, optical pieces like lenses, gratings and Polaroid, photodiodes, microscopes, telescopes, sodium lamps, mercury lamps, gratings, bi-prisms,Newton’s ring, polarimeter,cathode ray oscilloscopes, constant current power supplies, potentiometers, ballistic galvanometers, digital multi-meters, sensitive ammeters and galvanometers along with relevant important materials to be studied.

Lab is operational daily for 6 hours in a week, during which one faculty member and two lab instructors are present for guidance.


M.Sc. Physics Batch 2010-2012
1Narotam RamS/O Sh. Prem Chand 4th in H.P.U.
2Meenakshi Pathania D/O Sh. Prithi Pal 5th in H.P.U
3Trishna Sharma D/o Sh. Nand Lal 8th in H.P.U.
M.Sc. Physics Batch 2011-2013
4 Shilpa ThakurD/O Sh. Lekh Raj 1st in H.P.U,Gold Medalist
5 Anjna Devi D/O Sh. Ashol Paul 3rd in H.P.U.
6 Ajay Kumar S/O Sh. Gian Chand 2nd in H.P.U.
7 Meenakshi Sharma D/O Sh. Roop Chand 9th in H.P.U.
M.Sc. Physics Batch 2013-2015
8 Priyanka D/O Sh. Ravinder Singh 3rd in H.P.U.
9 Kalpana Devi D/o Sh. Krishan Singh 5th in H.P.U.
10 Neha Gupta D/O Sh. Sanjeev Kumar 8th in H.P.U.
11 Himani D/O Sh. Prakash Chand 9th in H.P.U.
M.Sc. Physics Batch 2014-2016
12 Ramesh Verma S/O Sh. Noop Ram 1st in H.P.U. Gold Medalist